|A Major Health Problem
|Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major health problem and the leading cause of death in the world.
- Over 17.6 million people in the world die every year as a result of cardiovascular disease
- There is poor public awareness about the specifics of sudden cardiac arrest
- There is a lack of visibility and availability of defibrillators
- Late arrival of rescue teams at the scene of an accident is common
- By 2030, almost 23.6 million people a year will die from CVDs, mainly from heart diseases and strokes!
|Public health problem in the UK
- In the UK, over 1.6 million men and over 1 million women are affected by chronic heart disease, a total of 2.6 million people.
- Cardiovascular diseases affect more than 5 million people, and annual costs exceed £30bn
- CVDs are responsible for more than 88,000 deaths in the UK each year (an average of 250 people each day or one death every five minutes).
- Most deaths from heart disease are caused by heart attacks. In the UK, there are about 124,000 heart attacks each year.
- There are also around 152,000 strokes in the UK each year, resulting in over 43,000 deaths.
- Around six in ten adults in England have high blood cholesterol levels (5mmol/l or above).
- More than a quarter of adults in England are obese.
- Around 30% of boys and girls aged 2-15 years in England and Scotland are overweight or obese.
|Economic costs in the UK
Both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) have significant economic costs for the United Kingdom.
- CVD costs the UK health care system £9 billion. 64% of this cost is for hospital care, and 23% is the cost of medication
- CVD costs the UK economy a total of £30 billion every year.
- The cost per capita for CVD in the UK is £258, which is lower than average for the European Union.
|Summary Europe (2012)
- Each year cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes over 4 million deaths in Europe and over 1.9 million deaths in the European Union (EU).
- CVD causes 47% of all deaths in Europe and 40% in the EU.
- Death rates from CHD are generally higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in Northern, Southern and Western Europe.
- Death rates from stroke are many times higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in Northern, Southern and Western Europe.
- CVD mortality is now falling in most European countries, including Central and Eastern European countries which saw large increases until the beginning of the 21st century.
- Smoking remains a major public health issue in Europe. Although smoking has declined in many European countries the rate of decline is now slow and rates remain stable or are increasing in some countries, particularly among women.
- Fruit and vegetable consumption has increased overall across Europe in recent decades, while overall fat consumption has remained stable.
- Few adults in European countries participate in adequate levels of physical activity, with inactivity more common among women than men.
- Levels of obesity are high across Europe in both adults and children, although rates vary substantially between countries.
- The prevalence of diabetes in Europe is high and has increased rapidly over the last ten years, increasing by more than 50% in many countries.
- Overall CVD is estimated to cost the EU economy almost €196 billion a year.
Of the total cost (€196 billion per year) of CVD in the EU:
- 54% (€105 billion) due to health care costs,
- 24% (€47 billion) due to productivity losses and
- 22% (€43 billion) due to the informal care of people with CVD.
|Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) in USA
It affects nearly 360,000 people each year in the U.S., including youth, and only 10% of victims survive. For most unsuspecting victims, dropping dead is the first indication of a heart problem.
- Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is a leading cause of death in the United States, claiming more than 360,000 lives each year.
- An estimated 382,800 people experience sudden cardiac arrest in the United States each year.
- Approximately 92% of those who experience sudden cardiac arrest do not survive.
- SCA kills more than 1,000 people a day, or one person every 90 second, number great than the number of deaths each year from breast cancer, lung cancer, stroke or AIDS.
- The most common cause of SCA is a heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia) called ventricular fibrillation (VF). VF is an "electrical problem" in the heart. Without immediate emergency help, death follows within minutes of an episode of ventricular fibrillation.
- SCA most often occurs in patients with heart disease, especially those who have congestive heart failure and have had a heart attack.
- It is estimated that 95 percent of victims who experience SCA die before they reach a hospital or some other source of emergency help.
- As many as 75 percent of people who die of SCA show signs of a previous heart attack. Eighty percent have signs of coronary artery disease.
- SCA is not a random event. Although it may occur in outwardly healthy people, most victims do have heart disease or other health problems, often without being aware of it.
Washington, DC - According to a recent report commissioned by the American Heart Association, costs associated with heart disease in the U.S. will reach $818.1 billion a year by 2030. Most of these costs are associated with the treatment of high blood pressure, which the report states are predicted to increase to $389 billion by 2030.